Thursday, April 08, 2010

Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study

The Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study - 5 minutes - from UAPS on Vimeo.

The Full Report:

The UAPS is conducted by Environics Institute for Survey Research. Established in 2006, it sponsors relevant and original public opinion and social values research related to issues of public policy and social change ( Key Findings -

My outtakes from the report

Inuit. In 2006, 50,485 individuals identified as Inuit. Inuit are the Aboriginal people of Arctic Canada. About 45,000 Inuit live in 53 communities in: Nunatsiavut (Labrador); Nunavik (Quebec); Nunavut; and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories. Between 1996 and 2006, the Inuit population rose by 26 percent (UAPS pp.24).

Half (48%) of Aboriginal people in Canada are children and young people under 24 years of age, much higher than the 31 percent of the non-Aboriginal population. This proportion is particularly high in Regina and Saskatoon, two cities included in the UAPS, which have more than half (56% and 55%, respectively) of their Aboriginal populations aged 24 or younger (UAPS pp.25).

Almost nine in ten Inuit are first generation urban residents, reflecting the fact that Inuit are the least urbanized of Aboriginal groups in Canada. They are most likely among UAPS participants to feel a very close connection to their home community and have plans to return there permanently one day. Nonetheless, majorities feel their city of residence is home, although this feeling is less widespread compared to Métis and First Nations peoples.
Finally, Inuit are as likely as other UAPS participants to think they can make their city a better place to live (UAPS pp.30).

Inuit are more likely than First Nations or Métis to know their Aboriginal ancestry/background well, and derive a great sense of pride from this knowledge. Inuit are more likely to be very proud to be Inuk than Aboriginal and Canadian, although more than two-thirds are very proud of both these latter identities.
Nonetheless, one-quarter of UAPS participants in Ottawa (where the UAPS surveyed Inuit only) are either unable or unwilling to say how proud they are to be Aboriginal, and two in ten are unable or unwilling to say how proud they are to be Canadian.
However, their strong connection to their Inuk heritage does not preclude a sense of connection to other Aboriginal peoples. Indeed, Inuit are most likely among urban Aboriginal peoples to have a sense of connection with other Inuit and other Aboriginal groups in their city. (UAPS pp.44)

Education is the main life aspiration for Inuit, followed by a good job or career, and owning/having a home. Like First Nations peoples and Métis, Inuit define a successful life primarily in terms of family and a balanced lifestyle. In addition, they are most likely among urban Aboriginal peoples to believe that having a strong connection to one’s Aboriginal heritage and living in a traditional way are important elements of a good life. When it comes to overall health, Inuit are the most likely to consider being part of a healthy community an important determinant, and are less likely than others to believe in the importance of physical exercise (UAPS pp.104).

Comment:"Inuit....are less likely than others to believe in the importance of physical exercise" ??????????? (ibid.).

Four distinct world views revealed in the study - see pp.171.

Cultural Romantics represent the largest number (45%) of NA urban Canadians overall. The most idealistic and optimistic of the four segments, Cultural Romantics are unique from other segments in that they possess the strongest belief in the artistic and cultural contributions of Aboriginal peoples to Canadian society. They are most likely of the four segments to think Aboriginal peoples and their culture have made a major contribution to Canada’s national identity, and its culture and arts, and to believe Aboriginal history and culture is an important symbol of Canadian national identity (UAPS pp.181).

YOUTH ---->

A majority of youth are very proud of their Aboriginal identity. Although they are less likely to have some knowledge of their family tree and feel a connection to other Aboriginal peoples in their city, three-quarters of Aboriginal youth (18-24) express a strong sense of pride in their First Nations/Métis/Inuk identity (UAPS pp.42).

Aboriginal peoples in cities learn about their family tree from a variety of sources, but parents and grandparents are key sources of information, especially for youth (UAPS pp.45). +

+ Urban Aboriginal youth (18-24) are almost three times as likely (20%) as urban Aboriginal peoples aged 45 or over (7%) to say they are not interested in learning more about their family tree (UAPS pp.48).

....older (45 years or older) urban Aboriginal peoples (87%) are more likely than those younger than them to be very proud of their First Nations/Métis/Inuk identity. Still, it is important to note that three-quarters (75%) of urban Aboriginal youth (18-24) say they are very proud of their specific Aboriginal identity. Youth (75%) are also more likely than those immediately older (25-44 years of age) (67%) to be very proud to be Canadian, although this gap largely disappears among urban Aboriginal peoples 45 years of age and older (72%) (UAPS pp.49).

First Nations peoples and Métis aged 45 and older are more likely to feel at least a fairly close connection other First Nations/Métis in their city compared to those who are younger. Older Inuit are also more likely to have at least a fairly close connection to other Inuit in their city, however Inuk youth (41%) are as likely as those aged 45 and older (41%) to have a very close connection to other Inuit in their city (UAPS pp.52-53).

Furthermore, whereas older Aboriginal peoples are more likely to have many close Aboriginal friends, Aboriginal youth (18-24 years) are more likely to have many close non-Aboriginal friends (57% versus 50% of those aged 25-44, and 45% of those 45 years and older). Nonetheless, this gap between Aboriginal youth and older Aboriginal peoples largely disappears when those with some close non-Aboriginal friends is taken into account (UAPS pp.54).

Indeed, the UAPS suggests the cultural revitalization among urban Aboriginal people observed by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples report (1996) continues, particularly in certain Canadian cities. But the findings also demonstrate that some groups, notably urban Aboriginal youth, are less likely than others to participate in Aboriginal traditions and cultural activities in their city. The following points summarize the main findings around urban Aboriginal culture (i.e., the ways of life that are passed from generation to generation) (see UAPS pp.57).

Furthermore, just as a sense of Aboriginal identity is less evident among urban Aboriginal youth (see previous chapter on Urban Aboriginal Identity), so, too, do youth appear to be less aware of the cultural activities that may contribute to a sense of collective identity among urban Aboriginal peoples (UAPS pp.60).

Likely by virtue of their greater awareness of Aboriginal cultural activities in their community and their higher rates of participation, older urban Aboriginal peoples are more likely than others to think that Aboriginal culture in their community has become stronger in the last five years. Youth (18-24) are most likely among all urban Aboriginal peoples to think the status quo prevails (UAPS pp.61). 

One-third of Aboriginal youth in cities feel Aboriginal spirituality is not very or not at all important in their lives (UAPS pp.63).

Age has a substantial impact on urban Aboriginal peoples’ attention to Aboriginal politics. Older urban Aboriginal peoples (71% of those aged 45 or older) are considerably more likely than younger urban Aboriginal peoples, especially urban Aboriginal youth (34% of those 18-24 years of age), to pay at least some attention to Aboriginal politics (UAPS pp.87).

METHODOLOGY  - page 173-...

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