Thursday, December 14, 2006

Greenlandic being, Danish having

Today I found an interesting article on urban Inuit in Copenhagen. The article's somehow complicated title: "Postassimilationist Ethnic Consumer Research: Qualifications and Extensisons" deals with critical examination of consumer behaviour in a non-North American context. Data collected among Greenladers in Denmark fuel the author's discussion.

The article's informants highlight contrasts in sociability between Greenlandic and Danish urban environment (pp. 163). According to the article, the smaller Greenlandic environments fasciliate interaction, eventhough they are smaller and with fewer options for leisure activities.

According to the informants, urbanized Danes think they must control the world through "having" and economic thinking.

..."....acculturative processes in the Danish context lead immigrants to adopt identity positions not entirely consistent with those reported in previous postassimilationist consumer research. Further, we identify transnational consumer culture as an acculturative agent not identified in previous research on consumer ethnicity and question the performative model of culture swapping.....(

Informant's age: 14-67

References: Søren Askergaard, Eric J. Arnould, Dannie Kjeldgaard (2005). Postassimilationist Ethnic Consumer Research: Qualifications and Extensisons. In: Journal of comsumer research, vol. 32., University of Chicago PRess. Pp. 160-170.

Who are they?

This year (May-June) I attended the 4th IPSSAS seminar in Kuujjuaq, Nunavik/Canada. The theme of the seminar was: Self-Governance in Arctic Societies: Contemporary Dynamics and Trends. Recently I finished my contribution for the IPSSAS proceedings, scheduled for publication in early 2007.

My article for IPSSAS (as well as my paper at the seminar) is about youth&self-determination. The participation of youth in decision making is the key issue I try to elaborate in my text. Where do young people get co-determination in the city e.g.?

It was interesting for me to be in Kuujjuaq because I got a chance to learn about the Nunavik Youth Association - Saputiit. Saputiit has a big budget and involved in the building of Nunavik Government.

While I was working on my text about youth participation it striked me how little information there is available about youth organisations in the Arctic and the voice of young people in broad sense, people who are not necessarily organized. There are quite a few organisations/networks who work for, or deal with issues concerning Arctic youth. ICC (Inuit Circumpolar Conference) has a youth coordinatior etc. I have been searching for information on how e.g. youth coordinators at ICC get selected. Is Inuit Youth International (another youth organisation) involved in ICC? Who are they and what can they do for young people? These questions are in my opinion important. Young people play important role in many Arctic societies - they are the future. My question is then: who are they?
I hope that there will be more information about Arctic youth in the future, not only about the organisations, but mostly about the people involved. What is their background? How did they get involved in this and that?

Saturday, November 11, 2006

Extract from presentation given at 15th Inuit Studies Conference (26-28.10. Paris) on "orality."

In my paper in Paris I presented a few thoughts on the relevance of orality in the study of the city.

........"First of all, speaking of orality makes me automatically think of narratives. Narratives - simply meaning a story or an account of a series of events. But, and most importantly, narratives can also be understood as SPATIAL EXPERIENCES. The theoretical approach including the importance of narratives in studies of the city is for this conference occasion inspired by a Danish professor in Social and Cultural Geography, Kirsten Simonsen. In her book „ The multifarious city – on the construction of the city in practice and narratives (my translation)“ Simonsen not only elaborates on international discussions on globalization, transnational networks and effect of these tendencies on modern urban life. She also fleshes-out the deterministic views of globalization theories which tend to overlook the diversity of the temporary city life. For Simonsen the city is not only a place. The city is everywhere - all over us, so to say. Therefore she looks at the city as a complex, non-hierarchical, multy-scaled construct within a multiplicity of spatial and time based processes. Two French theorists, Henry Lefebvre and Michel de Certeau, play an important role in understanding the everyday life in the city. Lefebvre’s RHYTHMANALYSIS reveals new understandings of the diversity of city action. Rhythms reveal the city in bodily, socially, material and symbolic sense. But there seems to be a problem. Although RHYTHMANALYSIS helps in understanding movements and practice of the people who occupy the city, it does not provide us with any tools for analyzing the construction/understanding of the space people occupy. In search of tools for analyzing the perspectives of active, gendered body-subjects, who in time and space create the environment they live in, professor Simonsen introduces Certeau's claims for spatial relations in narratives. Certeau claims that every story (narrative) is a travel story – and therefore A SPATIAL EXPERIENCE - meaning that narratives stimulate and constitute cognitive thinking, more specifically cognitive maps, which according to Certeau are close to the temporality of everyday life. With this in mind, it is then possible to argue that narratives do make places attentive for individuals. In this sense, narratives promote also the establishment of trust and security. Even though narratives call upon memories and imagination, they organize so to say the invisible meanings of the city. In analyzing urban living, narratives therefore play an important role. They are creators of social practices and meanings, within their own time span (memories, expectations and time based ordering) and spatiality (places, routes and territories.) It is in my opinion necessary to include RHYTHMANALYSIS as a PARADIGM for explaining the continuous spatial production of the city. Nevertheless, it is NARRATIVESS who provide us with DISCOURSIVE subjectivity of the urban experience. "

Jakub Christensen Medonos, from a conference presentation on friday 27th of october. Session: The Urban Arctic "community revised".
Main sources:
Simonsen, Kirsten (2005). Byens mange ansigter. Roskilde Universitetsforlag.

Friday, November 10, 2006

The point of departure is:

Youth and the City– investigating urban youth culture in Sisimiut, Greenland: visions, skills and creativity

Objectives: my PhD project investigates how youth in Greenland use and understand urban settings. The overall objective is to describe and analyse movements and creativity in the second largest city of Greenland, Sisimiut. Additionally, this project discusses how knowledge and skills, embedded in the local youth culture, may be connected with ideas implemented in the newest school statutory instrument Atuarfitsialak.

Methods: primary research will be conducted both during the school year and school holidays; it will consist of fieldwork undertaken over a period of six months and will be divided into four parts. Each part will take place during each of the four seasons of the year. The focus of the research will be on youth between the ages of 15 and 24. Additionally, a number of individual informants will be followed continuously. Apart from fieldwork in schools, the assembly hall, youth clubs and sport associations, the project will organise a creative workshop with young people to discuss their works on their urban lifestyle. The works, produced within the framework of the project, are to be presented in an exhibition at Sisimiut Museum.

Eskimology and Arctic Studies Section, Copenhagen - Denmark
Dept. of Cross Cultural and Regional Studies
University of Copenhagen

Funding: Danish Research Council, as part of research project: Urban Greenland: movements, narratives and creativity (2006-2009)

Youth in Sisimiut 11th of august, 2006.